Details of my great great grandparents, Thomas Francis (1789-1864) and Sarah Edwards (1807-1897) of Maesyllan, Llanarmon yn Ial, Denbighshire, parents of Jane Francis, who married Edward Puleston in 1858

My great great grandfather, Thomas Francis, was the son of James Francis and his wife Jane Williams of Llanferres, Denbighshire, Wales and was baptised there on 13 December 1789. 

Thomas became a farmer. As an adult, his home was at Maesyllan (called The Meadows in 2006), Llanarmon yn Ial, near Ruthin, Denbighshire, about 300 metres west of the Parish Church. Maesyllan was built about 1722. In 1786, the rates on Maesyllan were 1s 8d.

MARRIAGE

On 4 January 1829, in the Parish Church of Llanarmon yn Ial, Thomas Francis (of that parish) and Sarah Edwards (also of that parish) were married by Licence by John Denman, Vicar. The witnesses were Edward Griffiths (who signed using his mark) and Mary Edwards (Entry no. 143 in the Parish Register). The Licence (SA/172/4, now in the National Library of Wales at Aberystwyth) was granted on 3 January 1829, the day before their wedding, and records Thomas as being of Maes Llan, Llanarmon. Sarah was already 5 and a half months pregnant with their first child.

Llanarmon yn ial Parish Church

Sarah was born on 21 March 1807 in Llanarmon yn Ial and baptised there on 24 March 1807. Her baptismal entry in the Parish Register records that she was the daughter of  "Peter Edwards, grocer by Sarah his wife, formerly Sarah Woodward of Llan". (Richard Jones kindly sent me the following details: Sarah Woodward was baptised 29 March 1782 in Llanferres, the daughter of Adam Woodward and his wife Mary, nee Parry, and was one of six children. She married Peter Edwards on 14th September 1802.)

CHILDREN

The reason Thomas and Sarah were married by Licence, rather than the more usual Banns, may be that they married in a hurry (not enough time to publish the Banns). Their first child was born 3 months later! The Parish Registers of Llanarmon yn Ial record the following baptisms of children of Thomas Francis of Maes y Llan, farmer and of Sarah his wife:

  • 17 April 1829 - Thomas, baptised by J Denman, Vicar
     
  • 8 May 1831 - another Thomas (Entry no. 477)
     
  • 9 February 1833 - Jane, my great grandmother
     
  • 12 October 1834 - Ann (Entry no. 534)
     
  • 17 May 1836 - Mary (Entry no. 579)

    The last 4 were baptised by E Evans, Vicar. As later Censuses show, they had another daughter, Sarah, born about 1838.

    1844 TITHE COMMUTATION AGREEMENT

    The Tithe Commutation Agreement of 29 March 1844 for the Parish of Llanarmon yn Ial, near Ruthin, Denbighshire, Wales records Thomas as the occupier of  98 Acres 0 Roods and 17 Perches (including the house) at Maesyllan, Llanarmon yn Ial owned by Wilson Jones Esq., for which an annual Rentcharge of £10 5s 0d would be payable to the Rector of the Parish:

    No.on
    Tithe Map

    Name & Description
    Of Land & Premises

    State of
    Cultivation

    Quantities in
    Statute Measure
    A   R   P

    Amount of
    Rentcharge
    payable to Rector
    £   s   d

    127

    House Yard Garden etc.

     

          1   2

          -

    128

    Cae tanty

    Arable

     3   1  13

        13  0

    129

    Yr erw

    Arable

     5   0  28

        19  0

    130

    Cae calch

    Arable

     4   1  28

        17  0

    131

    Bryn Cach

    Arable

     7   0  10

     1   3  0

    132

    Bryn mawr

    Arable

     9   2  26

     1 10  0

    133

    Llysfaen

    Arable

    10  0  13

     1 16  0

    134

    Cae Coch

    Pasture

      7  0  20

        18  0

    135

    Waenissa

    Arable

      3  3  10

          7  0

    136

    Cae glas

    Arable

      3  1    7

          6  0

    137

    Waen

    Arable

      7  3  10

        11  0

    138

    Cae Defaid

    Pasture

      3  0  10

          4  0

    139

    Ffridd ganol

    Arable

    16  2  16

        17  6

    140

    Ffridd ucha

    Pasture

    10  2  10

          3  6

    141

    Nant Rhos goch

    Waste of Road

      5  3  14

          -

     

     

    TOTAL

    98  0  17

    10  5  0

    That Tithe Commutation Agreement also records Thomas as the occupier of 14 Acres 2 Roods and 10 Perches at Llanarmon yn Ial (including a cottage) owned by Samuel Sapworth Esq., for which an annual Rentcharge of £2 10s 0d would be payable to the Rector of the Parish:

    No.on
    Tithe Map

    Name & Description
    0f Land & Premises

    State of
    Cultivation

    Quantities in
    Statute Measure
    A  R   P

    Amount of
    Rentcharge
    payable to Rector

    415

    Cae Nesa Llan

    Arable

    2   2   6

         9s 4d

    416

    Cae newydd

    Arable

    2   0  12

         7s 4d

    417

    Cae crwn

    Arable

    2   1  16

         7s 5d

    418

    Erw r efel

    Arable

    2   2  10

       10s 0d

    419

    Cae bychan

    Arable

    1   3  18

         6s 3d

    420

    Cae carreg

    Arable

    2   3  25

         9s 8d

    420a

    Cottage etc.

     

         1   3

        -

     

     

    TOTAL

    14  2 10

    £2 10s 0d

    1851 CENSUS
     
    The 1851 Census for Llanarmon records Thomas, his wife Sarah and their children at Maes y Llan:

    • Thomas Francis, Head, age 60, farmer of 167 acres employing 3 agricultural labourers, born Llanferres, Denbighshire
       
    • Sarah Francis, Wife, age 44, born Llanarmon
       
    • Thomas Francis, Son, age 19, born Llanarmon (He married a Sarah, lived at Llwyn y Fran and was buried in Llanarmon yn Ial, age 32 on 4 July 1863 by Edward Jones, curate - Bishops Transcript no. 1465 - a daughter Christiana was born just before or soon after his death. His widow Sarah, of Llwyn y Fran,  was buried in Llanarmon yn Ial, age 52, on 15 November 1883, by E Evan, Vicar - Bishops Transcript no. 387, as was their daughter Christiana Francis of Llwynyfran, age 22, on 12 January 1886 - Bishops Transcript no. 447)
       
    • Sarah Francis, Daughter-in-law, age 23, born Burdsley, Cheshire
       
    • Jane Francis, Daughter, age 18, Dairy Maid, born Llanarmon (my great grandmother)
       
    • Anne Francis, Daughter, age 16, born Llanarmon
       
    • Sarah Francis, Daughter, age 13, born Llanarmon
       
    • William Francis, Grandson, age 1, born Llanarmon
       
    • Edward Francis, Nephew, age 23, Agricultural Labourer, born Llanarmon
       
    • Robert Jones, Servant, age 17, Agricultural Labourer, born Llanarmon
       
    • Heth Jones, Servant, age 15, Agricultural Labourer/General Servant, born Llanarmon.

    On 18 June 1858, Thomas and Sarah's daughter Jane, born in February 1833, married Edward Puleston of Plas Newydd, Llanfair Dyffryn Clwyd, Denbighshire (about 3 miles from her home) in Llanarmon yn Ial Parish Church.

    1861 CENSUS

    In the 1861 Census for Llan and Llarnarmon, the family is recorded at Maes y Llan as Frances:

    • Thomas Frances, Head, Farmer, age 71, born Llanferres, Denbighshire
       
    • Sarah Frances, Wife, age 55, born Llanarmon
       
    • Sarah Frances, Daughter, age 23, born Llanarmon
       
    • Sarah Moss, Servant, age 15, born Llanarmon
       
    • Evan Roberts, Servant, Carter, age 18, born Llanarmon

    • John Lloyd, Servant, Agricultural Labourer, age 17, born Llanarmon
       
    • Evan Jones, Servant, Cowman, age 16, born Llanarmon.

    On 8 February 1864, Thomas Francis, age 74, of Maesllan was buried in Llanarmon yn Ial by John Jones, Vicar (Bishops Transcript no. 1490).

    Thomas's widow, Sarah, survived another 33 years. Sarah Francis, widow, born about 1807, appears in the 1871, 1881 and 1891 Censuses for Llanarmon, living in the village, at 11 Yale Cottage and Tyn y Pistyll (the next entry is for Maes Llan) respectively. On 8 November 1897, Sarah Francis, "Yale Cottage, late Maesllan", age 91, was buried in Llanarmon yn Ial by E Evans, Vicar (Bishops Transcript no 613) - the same E Evans who baptised her second child in 1831!?

    ANCESTRY OF THOMAS FRANCIS' S PARENTS, JAMES FRANCIS AND JANE WILLIAMS                       

    My great great great grandfather, James Francis was baptised in Llanferres on 25 December 1758, the son of Richard Francis and his wife Anne Jones.  On 16 April 1787, James married Jane Williams in Llanferres. He was buried, while living at Ty yn y Fedw, in Llanferres on 28 March 1805.

    Jane Williams was baptised in Llanferres on 8 January 1756, the daughter of Robert Williams and Mary Humphrey (who married there on 11 February 1755, the witnesses being William Williams and Thomas Humphrey). She was buried there on 30 March 1806.

    My great great great great grandfather Richard Francis was baptised in Mold on 28 November 1736 and was the son of Richard and Martha Francis of Fron, Mold. On 1 May 1758, whilst still living in Mold, he married Anne Jones. Anne was probably the Ann (sic) Jones, daughter of Edward and Ann Jones, who was baptised in Llanferres in 1738, in which case she would have been a similar age to Richard when they married.

    Richard and Martha Francis had 5 sons, all baptised in Mold Parish Church:

    • Richard, on 28 November 1736
        
    • Abraham, on 19 June 1742
       
    • Aaron, on 27 December 1744
       
    • John, on 14 June 1747
       
    • James, on 18 May 1752.                                                                

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     Copyright: Haydn Puleston Jones, 2006-10